Atherosclerosis is a serious condition where the walls of the arteries are accumulated with fat materials. The arteries get blocked with these fatty materials as they become thick and hard, forming calcium deposits with time.
Large and medium arteries are specifically affected by atherosclerosis. When substances like fats and cholesterol and other such substances called plaques accumulates in the walls of arteirs and hardens and thickens with time lead to the atherosclerosis condition.
In order to prevent the condition of atherosclerosis and the complications arising from it following are the changes you need to make in your lifestyle. Avoid fat foods and include low cholesterol food. Vegetables and fruits can lead to good changes in your health. Include fish twice a week in your diet (except fried food). Drink not more than one or two alcoholic drinks (in a day). People having overweight follow exercising regularly for 60-90minutes a day and other people for 30minutes. Regular blood pressure check-up (between a year and two). Special suggestions depending on blood pressure and age: Blood pressure should be between 140/90mmHg. People with problems like heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, the blood pressures are often less than 130/80mm/Hg. Get your cholesterol checked. People with high cholesterol: Get your cholesterol checked every 5years if you are an adult and if you have a family history of cholesterol problems than you should check it more often. Bad cholesterol should be below 130-160mg/dL. People with problems of heart disease, diabetes or hardening of arteries should have LDL i.e. bad cholesterol less than 100mg/dL. To cure the problem of atherosclerosis number of surgeries is performed, amongst which some are as follows: Angioplasty and stent placement - peripheral arteries Angioplasty and stent - heart - discharge Coronary artery bypass surgery