Excessive secretion of thyroid hormones in the body is called as hyperthyroidism. Thyroid is an endocrine gland (which secretes hormone- thyroxin T4 (Tetraiodothyronine/Thyroxine) and T3 (Triiodothyronine) situated in the midline and base of the neck. These hormones are essential for maintaining harmony of various body functions. Thyroid hormones govern the speed of metabolic activities and have positive influence on growth of an individual (mental and physical). Because thyroid hormones affect growth, development and many cellular processes, excess of thyroid hormones has widespread consequences on the body.Causes There are many causes, in most cases the entire gland is producing more hormones, this is seen in Grave’s disease. Grave’s disease is actually an auto-immune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly starts attacking it’s own cells (in this case the thyroid gland) resulting in inflammation and enlargement of the gland (Goiter) and production of excess hormones. In some cases, there is a particular solitary nodule in the gland that is producing more hormones; there may also be multiple such nodules in the gland Inflammation of the thyroid gland (Thyroiditis) due to any other cause can also result in hyperthyroidism.
The following are some of the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism: The common symptoms include: • Weight loss despite normal or increased appetite • Palpitations • Heat intolerance • Nervousness • Insomnia • Difficulty in breathing • Increased bowel movements • Light or absent menstrual periods • Fatigue • Tremors of hands and fingers • Irritability • Excessive perspiration Signs commonly seen in patients with Hyperthyroidism: • Fast heart rate • Muscle weakness • Trembling hands • Weight loss • Hair loss • Staring gaze • Warm moist skin • Lump in the neck (Goiter)
Hyperthyroidism being a constitutional trouble , it requires constitutional approach for treatment management. Homeopathy is based on the concept, that disease is expression of mind ,environment, diet, habits & genetic make up (which entirely is body constitution )Hence homeopathy prescription will be after evaluation of presenting complaints along with physical, emotional and genetic make up of a person that individualizes him/her. The remedy prescribed based on this entire totality treats the disorder at its root cause and thus restores the normal functioning of the body.