Glossitis is a condition in which the tongue is swollen and changes color, loss of papillae causing the tongue to appear smooth.
The following are some of the symptoms of Glossitis: Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Changes of the tongue may be a primary condition (not due to underlying disease or event), or it may be a symptom of other underlying disorders (a secondary condition). Glossitis occurs when there is acute or chronic inflammation of the tongue. Causes include: • Mechanical irritation or injury from burns, rough edges of teeth or dental appliances, or other trauma • Exposure to irritants such as tobacco, alcohol, hot foods, or spices • Allergic reaction to toothpaste, mouthwash, breath fresheners, dyes in candy, plastic in dentures or retainers, or certain blood pressure medications (ACE inhibitors) • Bacterial or viral infections (including oral herpes simplex) • Underlying disorders : iron deficiency anemia, pernicious anemia and other vitamin B deficiencies, oral lichen planus, erythema multiform, aphthous ulcers, pemphigus vulgaris, syphilis, and others • Yeast infection • Dry mouth associated with connective tissue disorders, such as Sjogren syndrome
It’s very important to diagnose the underlying cause for the Glossitis. After that the treatment management is achieved.